‘3 Billboards’ protest in London for high-rise fire victims

LONDON — Activists for victims of a deadly London high-rise fire have taken inspiration from an Academy Award-nominated film to press for more action by police.

Three mobile billboards were driven through the British capital Thursday on behalf of the Justice 4 Grenfell campaign. The group was set up after fire ravaged the Grenfell Tower apartment block in June, killing 71 people.

In the film “Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri,” a mother played by Frances McDormand uses large signs to berate police for failing to catch her daughter’s killer.

Justice 4 Grenfell says it hopes the billboards will “keep this tragedy in the national conscience.”

Police say they are considering possible manslaughter charges in the blaze, but no one has yet been charged.

Trump may release a prisoner from Guantanamo

WASHINGTON — On the campaign trail Donald Trump said he wanted to keep the detention center at Guantanamo Bay open and “load it up with some bad dudes.” But President Trump may actually oversee a slight decrease in the population.

Ahmed Mohammed Ahmed Haza al-Darbi, a 42-year-old Saudi citizen who has been held at the U.S. military detention center in Cuba since 2002, could be transferred to Saudi Arabia in coming days.

In 2014 al-Darbi pleaded guilty to planning a 2002 terrorist attack on the MV Limburg, a French oil tanker, off the coast of Yemen. One crewmember was killed.

As part of his deal, al-Darbi waived his right to a trial and agreed “to cooperate fully and truthfully with the government.” The cooperation includes “providing complete and accurate information in interviews, depositions, and testimony wherever and whenever requested.”

The agreement stated that al-Darbi would be transferred to Saudi Arabia “after completing four years in United States custody following the acceptance of my plea.”

Al-Darbi’s plea was accepted on Feb. 20, 2014, almost exactly four years ago.

The prosecution has indicated that it feels al-Darbi has held up his end of the bargain. During an Oct. 13, 2017, hearing, government prosecutor Air Force Capt. Matthew Hracho said al-Darbi had “cooperated extensively with the United States government in providing information about other al Qaeda members,” saying that “the accused told the truth” and that his testimony is “valuable” to the prosecution in military commission cases.

Asked whether al-Darbi will be released by the deadline next week, Defense Department spokesperson Cmdr. Sarah Higgins responded, “Ahmed Mohammed Ahmed Haza al-Darbi’s pretrial agreement provides that, upon completion of all conditions, he may request to serve out any remaining portion of his sentence to confinement in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. These conditions, which are not in al-Darbi’s control, have not been finalized. He will continue to remain at Guantanamo until all details have been concluded.”

Ramzi Kassem, the civilian attorney for al-Darbi, declined to comment.

Before he was detained in 2002, al-Darbi worked for Abd al Rahim al-Nashiri, the mastermind of the USS Cole bombing. The October 2000 attack killed 17 U.S. sailors when an explosive-laden boat rammed into the U.S. Navy destroyer in Aden harbor.

As part of his agreement, al-Darbi testified about al-Nashiri’s role in the 2000 USS Cole attack.

Keeping Gitmo open

No other Gitmo detainee has a plea deal with the military commission that specifies release, but five other detainees were cleared for release by the Periodic Review Boards under the Obama administration.

That doesn’t mean the Trump administration will release them.

“There are no indications that they are going to be released,” said Karen Greenberg, director of the Center on National Security at Fordham University.

Last month President Trump signed an executive order to keep the detention center at Guantanamo Bay open, reversing the Obama administration policy to draw down the population of the controversial prison.

This comes as the Trump administration faces the challenge of repatriating hundreds of foreign fighters from prisons in Syria to their home nations.

At its height, Guantanamo held more than 700 prisoners. President Bush released more than 500, and President Obama released almost 200. There are currently 41 detainees.

Immigrant faces deportation after calling police for help

A father-of-three in Washington state who called 911 simply to report a trespasser was “hand-delivered” by local police into the custody of federal immigration officials, his lawyer charged on Tuesday.

Wilson Rodriguez, 32, called police early last Thursday morning after he saw someone trespassing on his property and looking into his car and house in Tukwila, Washington, attorney Luis Cortes told the press.

“He became very nervous for the safety of himself and his kids and called police,” Cortes said, adding that Rodriguez had had previous problems with attempted break-ins at his home.

An hour later, officers from the Tukwila Police Department drove Rodriguez to a U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement field office, Cortes said, in a case that advocates believe could make both documented and undocumented immigrants hesitant to report crimes in the future.

“They hand delivered him right to their office and from there he was processed and taken to the Northwest Detention Center, one of the largest in the country,” Cortes said. “He’s being held there now without bond. ICE has refused to release him.”

Cortes said Rodriguez is now facing deportation. He has no criminal record after coming to the United States in 2004 after fleeing violence in Honduras, he said.

In an initial statement Thursday night, the TPD said officers responded to a report of a suspicious person and found someone trespassing on the reporting party’s property.

The officers said they did not have probable cause to arrest the trespasser, according to Cortes.

The police statement said officers discovered “an outstanding warrant issued” by ICE when “during our normal process of verifying identities.”

“Officers confirmed with the issuing agency that the warrant was valid and transferred the individual with the warrant” over to ICE, the statement said.

In a follow-up statement Saturday, the department said that the chief of police issued a directive that “going forward, officers will not be responsive to administrative warrants issued” by ICE, “nor will it collaborate with the agency.”

The officers “believed that they were executing a valid order from a judge in the form of a criminal warrant,” the statement said.

“It was later determined that the warrant in question was administrative in nature and that it had been entered in the National Criminal Information Center (NCIC) database the same way a criminal warrant would have been entered,” the statement added.

A ICE spokesperson said in a statement to NBC News on Wednesday evening that Rodriguez came into ICE custody on Feb. 8 “after a federal law enforcement database revealed he had an outstanding” warrant of deportation.

Rodriguez “has been an ICE fugitive since April 2005 when a federal immigration judge issued him a final order of removal, and he did not depart the U.S.,” spokesperson Yasmeen Pitts O’Keefe said in the statement, adding that he will remain in ICE custody “pending deportation to Honduras.”

Multiple messages left with the Tukwila Police Department were not returned Tuesday.

Immigration attorneys like Cortes and advocates say the problem with those ICE detainers is that they are not reviewed by a judge or neutral party.

“The principal is that you have a neutral decision maker that looks at the allegations and whether or not this person is actually in violation of the law,” said Grace Huang, an advocate and policy director at the Asian Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence. The ICE detainers don’t have “a neutral party looking to see whether ICE has established sufficient basis to detain someone,” she said.

The police department said they verified with ICE that administrative deportation orders of removal “are in fact being entered into NCIC the same way criminal warrants would be and that we may be encountering more of these types of warrants in the future.”

Cortes said the police statement “provides very little comfort” and called the incident shocking.

“This is the first time I’ve ever heard about a police officer volunteering to take someone directly to ICE,” he said.

Stories like Rodriguez’s could make victims of crimes, including victims of domestic violence and other violent crimes, less likely to trust and seek out law enforcement, Huang said.

Rodriguez was first detained in 2004 and after his release did not receive a notice for an upcoming court date, Cortes said. After he missed the court date, a judge ordered a deportation order in absentia, he said. Cortes said he is working to ask an immigration court to consider reopening his case.

Cortes said Honduras has become more violent since his client left. Rodriguez’s brother was murdered by gang members and a close friend of his was killed “and chopped up into pieces,” he said.

Rodriguez was slightly too old to qualify for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), he said. The case is personal for Cortes — who is himself a DACA recipient.

Nikolas Cruz warned freshman before shooting: ‘You’d better get out of here’

PARKLAND, Fla. – Before the first shots were fired, before the false fire alarm was pulled, freshman Chris McKenna came face-to-face with a killer on a second floor hallway at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School.

McKenna, 15, was on his way to use a bathroom when he saw Nikolas Cruz loading his weapon.

“You’d better get out of here,” Cruz said, according to McKenna. “Things are gonna start getting messy.”

McKenna froze for a second – then fled.

As he made his way out of the building, he said, he saw assistant football coach Aaron Feis unlocking a gate in preparation for dismissal.

“I told him I saw a gun,” McKenna said. “He said ‘let me go check it out.’ Then he drove me to the baseball field, dropped me off, and went back to the school. That’s the last I saw of him.”

McKenna said he was still with Feis when he heard the fire alarm that precipitated the rampage.

Feis was among the dead.

Three of McKenna’s classmates were killed. A fourth was wounded.

“I’m in shock,” he said. “That’s the only thing I can feel right now.”

Florida school shooting: hoaxes, doctored tweets and Russian bots spread false news

The hours after the mass shooting at a Florida high school followed a now familiar trajectory on the Internet: web sites published hastily sourced conclusions about the shooter, and pranksters shared false photos of victims and the suspect.

But the aftermath of the killing of 17 in Parkland, Fla. Wednesday took a slightly different turn this time — one reporter’s tweets were doctored and retweeted to make it appear she had been asking slanted questions. Another tweet making the rounds pretended to show a popular news website’s article. It had been doctored, too.

These added to the more standard fabricated stories and hoaxes that have become a common occurrence in the wake of a national tragedy.

Miami Herald reporter Alex Harris, who was covering the shooting Wednesday at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, had corresponded on Twitter with students at the school who were tweeting about what was happening while the shooter hadn’t been apprehended. Some people criticized her for trying to communicate with the students when they were still in danger, an action she defended as essential to reporting — but acknowledges as a point of discussion.

Then there were the fake tweets. In at least two incidents, her tweets were doctored and retweeted to suggest she asked students if they had photos or videos of dead bodies or knew whether the shooter was white.

When the faked tweet about asking whether the shooter was white circulated, “it hit a nerve,” and the blowback really intensified. The doctored tweet “is a pretty solid photoshopping job” that could have fooled her, she said.

That new form of misinformation “is new,” said Alexios Mantzarlis, director of the International Fact-Checking Network at The Poynter Institute. “For sure, this incident is qualitatively different.”

BuzzFeed News also took to Twitter to debunk what it called a “hoax screenshot” of its site circulated on Twitter by the White House correspondent for the website Gateway Pundit. The faked report was headlined, “Why we need to take away white people’s guns now more than ever.”

Twitter accounts linked to Russian disinformation campaigns also promoted some of the false stories. “Parkland,” the Florida city where the school is located, was among top trending hashtags pushed by a network of 600 Twitter accounts linked to Russian influence campaigns, according to the Alliance for Securing Democracy, part of the German Marshall Fund of the United States.

Other terms (NRA, shooting, Stoneman, Cruz, Nicolas and Florida) were among trending topics supported by those accounts, the site’s blog said.

Hoaxes and rumors spread quickly in the aftermath of horrific incidents. Remerging Wednesday were posts naming as a suspect comedian Sam Hyde, whose photo has cropped up as the alleged shooter in previous incidents including the 2017 Sutherland Springs, Tex., church shooting and the 2015 San Bernardino terror attack. Some people posted photos of non-family members, falsely claiming they had a relative involved in the Florida shooting.

Many of these efforts are done simply “to sort of ride social media interest to prominence,” Mantzarlis said. “Ever since Paris, this is our new normal. It’s terrible, it’s depressing and it’s wrong, but it’s unfortunately not surprising,” he said, referring to the 2015 Paris terror attacks.

“Any time that there’s a tragic event it quickly becomes politicized,” said Andrew Selepak, a professor at the University of Florida and director of the graduate program specializing in social media.

Long before authorities identified the suspect as Nikolas Cruz about 7:30 p.m. ET Wednesday there were already stories on online news sites being passed along on social media about the suspect.

A story on the Gateway Pundit site reported that shooter was a registered Democrat, tying the political affiliation with an incorrect name. It later corrected it.

Hoaxes and rumors often originate on website forums 4Chan and Reddit, says Jane Lytvynenko, a BuzzFeed News reporter who has covered hoaxes in the wake of shootings, terror attacks and disasters.

“I immediately open Reddit or 4Chan and it’s a little bit harrowing to watch how these hoaxes that are made up on fairly-fringe web sites make their way into the mainstream,” she said.

Some of those posting misinformation want to trick reporters, while others seek to use a calamity to advance a political agenda, Lytvynenko said. Others may be seeking more followers. “It’s a lot quicker to make something up than it is to report. We have to verify information with various sources. To fake something online is a ten-minute job.”

Hundreds hold vigil for victims of Florida school shooting

PARKLAND, Fla. — At least 1,000 people attended a candlelight vigil Thursday night for the 17 people killed in a Florida school shooting, some of the mourners sobbing openly as the victims’ names were read aloud.

“Each name was like my heart skipped a beat,” Bryan Herrera said.

The 17-year old soccer player said he initially hadn’t planned on attending the vigil. “I didn’t think I could handle it,” he said.

Dressed in the school’s red color, some held flowers while others wielded signs asking for action to fight school violence, including gun control.

At one point during the vigil, some in the crowd began shouting, “No more guns! No more guns!”

Tighe Barry held a yellow sign reading “NRA stop killing our kids.”

“I have two kids, and I think the only way it’s going to stop is if we get the gun lobbyists off the back of politicians,” Barry said.

Ernest Rospierski, a teacher at the school, took several bracing breaths at the vigil as he talked to a reporter about the horror in the school halls.

“Bang, bang, bang — all of a sudden the shooting stopped,” he said. “I looked down. He was reloading. I yelled: Run. And then I ran behind as many kids as I could.”

Shay Makinde, 16, fought back tears for the friends he tried to save but could not. The junior pulled fleeing students from the hallway into a classroom. He turned to grab Joaquin Oliver but it was too late. The vigil “made me see my friend again and see him get shot and see his body on the floor.”

The vigil ended with a request for everyone to write one specific act of good that they would perform in the coming days and weeks as a way to channel the raw emotions of the night into something positive.

Trump budget to include $3 billion for border wall – official

President Donald Trump’s budget proposal to be unveiled on Monday will include a request for $3 billion as a down payment on building a wall along the U.S. border with Mexico, a senior administration official said on Thursday.

The official, who briefed a small group of reporters on condition of anonymity, said the money would go toward purchasing private land in the Rio Grande Valley in south Texas and advance purchases of steel.

The administration hopes to build 60 miles (96 km) of new steel bollard fencing along the border with 2018 funding and an additional 64 miles (103 km) with 2019 funding.

The $3 billion will be on top of this year’s $14 billion request for the U.S. Customs and Border Protection agency.

The border wall was a signature issue for Trump in his 2016 presidential election campaign. He pledged that Mexico would pay for the wall, which the Mexican government has insisted it will not do.

Democrats sharply oppose the wall, which Trump has said is aimed at keeping out illegal immigrants and drug smugglers.

The new fencing would be constructed in areas known to be used by migrants crossing into the United States, the official said.

Wall funding has been caught up in a debate over how to protect young “Dreamers,” people who were brought to the country illegally as children.

Trump has offered to give the Dreamers protection from deportation and a pathway to citizenship over 10 to 12 years, in exchange for $25 billion in wall funding and tightened restrictions on legal immigration, but Democrats have balked at the terms.

Breaking with tradition, Trump skips president’s written intelligence report and relies on oral briefings

For much of the past year, President Trump has declined to participate in a practice followed by the past seven of his predecessors: He rarely if ever reads the President’s Daily Brief, a document that lays out the most pressing information collected by U.S. intelligence agencies from hot spots around the world.

Trump has opted to rely on an oral briefing of select intelligence issues in the Oval Office rather than getting the full written document delivered to review separately each day, according to three people familiar with his briefings.

Reading the traditionally dense intelligence book is not Trump’s preferred “style of learning,” according to a person with knowledge of the situation.

The arrangement underscores Trump’s impatience with exhaustive classified documents that go to the commander in chief — material that he has said he prefers condensed as much as possible. But by not reading the daily briefing, the president could hamper his ability to respond to crises in the most effective manner, intelligence experts warned.

Soon after Trump took office, analysts sought to tailor their intelligence sessions for a president with a famously short attention span, who is known for taking in much of his information from the conservative Fox News Channel. The oral briefings were augmented with photos, videos and graphics.

After several months, Trump made clear he was not interested in reviewing a personal copy of the written intelligence report known as the PDB, a highly classified summary prepared before dawn to provide the president with the best update on the world’s events, according to people with knowledge of the situation.

Administration officials defended Trump’s reliance on oral sessions and said he gets full intelligence briefings, noting that presidents have historically sought to receive the information in different ways.

Michael Anton, a spokesman for the National Security Council, said Trump “is an avid consumer of intelligence, appreciates the hard work of his briefers and of the entire intelligence community and looks forward every day to the give and take of his intelligence briefings.”

Daniel Coats, the director of national intelligence, said in a statement that “any notion that President Trump is not fully engaged in the PDB or does not read the briefing materials is pure fiction and is clearly not based on firsthand knowledge of the process.”

He added that Trump’s routine sessions with senior intelligence advisers “demonstrate his interest in and appreciation for the value of the intelligence provided. In fact, President Trump engages for significantly longer periods than I understand many previous presidents have done.”

The PDB, which has been described as a newspaper with the smallest circulation in the world, is drawn from material provided by U.S. spies, satellites and surveillance technology, as well as news sources and foreign intelligence agencies.

Several intelligence experts said the president’s aversion to diving deeper into written intelligence details — the “homework” that past presidents have done to familiarize themselves with foreign policy and national security — makes both him and the country more vulnerable.

Leon Panetta, a former CIA director and defense secretary for President Barack Obama, said Trump could miss important context and nuance if he is relying solely on an oral briefing. The arrangement also increases pressure on the president’s national security team, which cannot entirely replace a well-informed commander in chief, he said.

“Something will be missed,” Panetta said. “If for some reason his instincts on what should be done are not backed up by the intelligence because he hasn’t taken the time to read that intel, it increases the risk that he will make a mistake.”

“You can have the smartest people around you — in the end it still comes down to his decision,” he added.

The top-secret intelligence report, which dates in its current form to the Johnson administration, is made up of individual “articles” written by career analysts, mostly from the CIA. The PDB is so tightly controlled that intelligence officials maintain a log to record when the briefers provide a copy of the document to a principal and when they retrieve it, several officials said.

Mark Lowenthal, a career intelligence officer who served as a CIA assistant director from 2002 to 2005, said Trump does not have to read the PDB if he is getting an extensive oral briefing. He warned, however, that a short briefing on a few select items would leave the president ill-equipped for major decisions over the long term.

“Then he’s really not getting a full intelligence briefing,” Lowenthal said. “You need to get immersed in a story over its entire course. You can’t just jump into an issue and come up to speed on the actors and the implications. The odds are pretty good that something will arise later on for which he has no intelligence basis for helping him work through it.”

The document, while traditionally lengthy and dense, contains key insights that can create a cumulative body of knowledge — and foreshadow looming threats, intelligence professionals said.

President George W. Bush faced a political firestorm over how closely his administration was paying attention to the PDB after it was discovered that a month before the 9/11 attacks, his briefing book had included a warning that Osama bin Laden was “determined” to attack U.S. targets using airplanes.

In the current administration, versions of the president’s written intelligence briefing are provided to at least a dozen top officials, including national security adviser H.R. McMaster, Defense Secretary Jim Mattis and Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, according to people familiar with the dissemination.

Aides say Trump receives his in-person intelligence briefing nearly every day, although his publicly released schedules indicate that the sessions have been taking place about every two to three days on average in recent months, typically around 11 a.m.

One senior White House official described the Oval Office briefing as a distilled version of the sessions that senior administration officials receive earlier in the day. CIA Director Mike Pompeo usually attends the session, as does Coats.

During Trump’s briefing, a veteran intelligence official typically describes intelligence highlights contained in a shortened, written version of the PDB. Trump has rarely, if ever, requested that the document be left behind for him to read, according to people familiar with the meetings.

Pompeo has said the president is briefed on current developments, as well as upcoming events — such as visits by foreign leaders — and longer-term strategic issues.

“The president asks hard questions,” he said in public remarks last month. “He’s deeply engaged. We’ll have a rambunctious back-and-forth, all aimed at making sure we’re delivering him the truth as best we understand it.”

Trump’s admirers say he has a unique ability to cut through conventional foreign policy wisdom and ask questions that others have long taken for granted. “Why are we even in Somalia?” or “Why can’t I just pull out of Afghanistan?” he will ask, according to officials.

The president asks “edge” questions, said one senior administration official, meaning that he pushes his staff to question long-held assumptions about U.S. interests in the world.

Another person familiar with the briefing process said that, at times, Trump has been dismissive of his briefers. He has shaken his head, frowned and complained that the briefers were “talking down to him,” this person said.

Trump has at times demonstrated a deep distrust of the intelligence community. He has accused Obama-era intelligence chiefs of rooting against his election and exaggerating Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election in an effort to delegitimize his presidency.

The Washington Post reported last year that intelligence officials in some cases have included Russia-related intelligence only in the president’s daily written assessment, steering clear of it in the oral briefing in order not to upset Trump.

The last U.S. president who is believed not to have regularly reviewed the PDB was Richard Nixon. The historical record contains no references to him having read the document, although Nixon and his national security adviser, Henry Kissinger, received a copy each day, according to David Priess, a former CIA briefer and author of “The President’s Book of Secrets.”

“It is not unprecedented for someone to get only an oral briefing of the PDB,” Priess said. “But it is the exception rather than the rule. And a rare exception.”

The intelligence community prides itself on tailoring the briefing document and the oral briefing to each president’s style. Obama preferred to receive the PDB on a secure iPad to review before asking questions of his briefers.

President George W. Bush typically read the PDB first thing in the morning, with his briefer present to review the highlights and answer questions, according to former officials who briefed him.

Neither Obama nor Bush reviewed the briefing book every day, and at times they skipped a session, especially when traveling.

President Ronald Reagan read the PDB every day but chose not to have a briefing from a CIA officer, said John Poindexter, who served as Reagan’s national security adviser. Reagan often discussed the briefing document in morning Oval Office meetings with his top advisers, Poindexter said.

Trump indicated early on that he had little interest in immersing himself in detailed intelligence documents.

“I like bullets or I like as little as possible. I don’t need, you know, 200-page reports on something that can be handled on a page,” he told Axios shortly before taking office.

During the transition, the CIA offered to give Trump the same daily intelligence briefing that Obama received, a tradition for presidents-elect. But Trump declined a daily update, opting for less frequent briefings.

“You know, I’m, like, a smart person,” Trump said in a “Fox News Sunday” interview in December 2016. “I don’t have to be told the same thing and the same words every single day for the next eight years. It could be eight years — but eight years. I don’t need that.”

At the time, Obama warned it was never wise to skip insights from intelligence professionals.

“If you’re not getting their perspective — their detailed perspective — then you are flying blind,” he said in an interview on Comedy Central’s “The Daily Show.”

During the first year of Trump’s presidency, the format of his intelligence briefings changed.

In the early days, he received the traditional briefing sometime between 9 and 10:30 a.m., according to his publicly released schedules. Within a few months, his intelligence advisers began augmenting the sessions with maps, charts, pictures and videos, as well as “killer graphics,” as Pompeo put it at the time.

“That’s our task, right? To deliver the material in a way that he can best understand the information we’re trying to communicate,” Pompeo told The Post in May.

The early briefing sessions had a more freewheeling quality, according to current and former administration officials. Five or more White House aides might join Trump for the briefing, in addition to his briefer and intelligence officials.

The meetings were often dominated by whatever topic most interested the president that day. Trump would discuss the news of the day or a tweet he sent about North Korea or the border wall — or anything else on his mind, two people familiar with the briefings said.

On such days, there would only be a few minutes left — and the briefers would have barely broached the topics they came to discuss, one senior U.S. official said.

“He often goes off on tangents during the briefing and you’d have to rein him back in,” one official said.

After he joined the administration in July, Chief of Staff John F. Kelly slashed the number of people who could attend the intelligence briefings in an effort to exert more discipline over how the president consumes information, current and former officials said.

Dow drops 150 points, giving up Friday bounce; heads for worst week in 9 years

U.S. stocks were trading higher Friday, a day after both the Dow Jones industrial average and the S&P 500 fell into correction territory.

The Dow Jones industrial average rose about 180 points Friday morning, with Boeing and Apple leading the charge. The S&P 500 and the Nasdaq composite were both up roughly 0.8 percent, with utilities and information technology outperforming the broader market.

Alphabet, Microsoft and Facebook all traded more than 2 percent higher.

The Dow dropped 1,032 points Thursday, its second drop of that magnitude this week. As of Thursday’s close, the Dow was on track to post its largest weekly decline since October 2008.

The recent turmoil in equities began last Friday, when the Dow fell 666 points after a better-than-expected jobs report ignited inflation fears. That fall was exacerbated Monday after the yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note hit a 4-year high, sending the Dow tumbling another 1,175 points as investors grew more nervous about an overheating economy.

Trouble with securities called exchange-traded notes that decline in value when volatility increases likely helped create more turmoil in the markets this week.

“What’s happened here is an understanding that inflation is returning and that the central bank quantitative easing that we’ve grown accustomed to is coming to an end,” said Jim Bianco, head of the Chicago-based advisory firm Bianco Research. “Since the financial crisis, this is the first 10 percent correction in stocks that has not been accompanied by a significant fall in rates.”

Yields then backed off their multi-year highs, giving the Dow a 560-point bounce on Tuesday and relative stability on Wednesday. But between another round of strong economic news, hawkish comments from the Bank of England and an expensive government funding bill, yields rallied again, sparking Thursday’s sell-off.

The 10-year Treasury was slightly higher at 2.85 percent Friday. The note yield flirted with 2.885 percent Thursday, a 4-year high that sparked major equity sell-offs earlier in the week.

E-commerce giant Amazon wasn’t helping things either. The company is gearing up to launch a delivery service for businesses, pitting Jeff Bezos’s logistical prowess against carriers like FedEx and UPS, the Wall Street Journal reported early in the day.

Shares of UPS and FedEx were down 1.7 percent and 1 percent respectively.

Other stocks that have struggled this week include 3M, American Express and Exxon Mobil, down more than 10 percent as oil prices continue to slide.

While the week has certainly spooked many traders, several Wall Street strategists believe the recent volatility shouldn’t affect the rest of 2018.

“When the nervousness hit, a lot of people who were thinking of quitting hit the exits,” said Bruce McCain, chief investment strategist at Key Private Bank. “A lot of people want to let it settle out a bit and really make sure the worst has past … [but] for our standpoint on where we’ll be over the next year: We see no signs of recession.”

Progress on a government spending bill also made headlines on the week’s final day of trading. President Donald Trump signed a massive spending deal into law after both houses of Congress approved the bill early Friday morning.

Some liberal and conservative lawmakers resisted the plan, with Democrats demand immigration talks and Republicans worride about a ballooning national debt.

The passing of the bill likely helped keep stocks afloat, although investors were worried about what the deal would mean for the deficit.